4 Replies Latest reply on Sep 23, 2015 12:50 PM by matszpk

    Inline assembly on OpenCL


      Hello, everyone.


      I want to inject a inline assembly (or AMD IL?) to access hardware register values such as HW_ID.

      I know it is possible with PTX in NVIDIA CUDA but I am not sure OpenCL with AMD GPU also supports this..


      When I try to build a OpenCL kernel including the inline assembly in the CodeXL, it generates the error below:

                error: an "asm" declaration is not allowed here


      If someone knows how to inject the inline assembly in the OpenCL kernel, please let me know...




        • Re: Inline assembly on OpenCL

          Welcome back, you are white listed. I have moved this question into the OpenCL forum.

          • Re: Inline assembly on OpenCL

            Look up at SunsetQuest/Asm4GCN · GitHub , balidani/gcnasm · GitHub (Linux but limited features) or HetPas | Assembler & IDE for Radeon gfx cards (only Win) or my work (still is not finished): CLRadeonExtender (disassembler and assembler for Linux, supports GalliumCompute, support GCN1.2).

            Currently, only Asm4GCN can support inline assembly (i didn't test this stuff).

            I was working on GCN assembler over couple months, now I am finishing and polishing my stuff. Very likely fully-fledged assembler (from my stuff) will be available in next month.

              • Re: Inline assembly on OpenCL

                Hello, I just wanted to chime in about "inline" support for Asm4GCN. Currently, inline assembly (inside a OpenCL kernel) is not supported in Asm4GCN. It was a goal of mine but I could not get it working reliably - maybe someday.


                Asm4GCN will let you mix an OpenCL Kernel a GCN kernel in the same CLProgram. That may help. One limitation however is that only one GCN kernel is supported - this is a todo item.


                By the way, PTX in Cuda is not true assembly it is an IL (intermediate language).  SASS is NVidia's assembly language but there is no SASS compiler available. So technically only AMD GPUs have true hardware assembly access.


                I do not know of any programs that support inline injected assembly for GCN.  (inline SASS  is also not supported on NVidia.)

              • Re: Inline assembly on OpenCL

                I forgot about one: development version of the GalliumCompute (with dev LLVM) handles an inline assembly, but that feature is in experimental stage.

                GalliumCompute works only under the Linux systems on the OpenSource Mesa3D drivers. Installation that stuff is bit cumbersome on the regular Linux distros (requires deinstallation standard packages and installation from sources). I didn't find too much free time to test this very interesting feature. Nevertheless, I will try to test that feature and I will write about it.

                More info about that at: AMD's GPU LLVM Backend Gains Support For Assembler & Inline Assembly - Phoronix