IEEE violation with optimization:  gcc 3.4 on X86_64

Discussion created by kumnav on Nov 13, 2007
Latest reply on Jan 31, 2008 by mickpont
double-precision NaN less-than FiniteValue returns TRUE with gcc -O, -O2, and higher on X86_64

I see a problem with ACML if it is being built with GCC 3.4. The following demonstrates how NaN is mistreated when optimization, even -O let alone -O2, is enabled. In the following, when optimization is not enabled, the output is correctly "nan" since IEEE standards dictate that (x > max) must return FALSE when x=NAN and (x < min) must return FALSE when x=NAN. Therefore, f(x) must return x when x=NAN. This does not happen, for some reason the (x < min) branch is taken and -1 is returned. Will ACML be built with GCC 4.x? I'm not sure how I can trust double-precision arithmetic otherwise.

gcc-3.4 Output without optimization: "nan" (correct)
gcc-3.4 Output with optimization: "-1" (wrong)

gcc-4.x Output always: "nan" (correct)


#include <iostream>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <math.h>

double f(double x)
static const double max = 1;
static const double min = -1;
if(x > max) {
return max;
} else if(x < min) {
return min;
} else {
return x;

int main(int argc, char** argv)
double x = 0;
double y = 0;
x /= y;
std::cerr << f(x) << std::endl;
return 0;