Found a solution after all, which I'll leave here for others.
Turns out my radeon graphics card was conflicting with my internal graphics card that came with the pc. Because I have 2 monitors which each are hooked up to another card, it seemingly conflicted, which caused the error in my case. After some trial and error, I found out that if I unplugged one monitor, it would no longer give me the error. After this, I could update my drivers without problems, which fixed the issue completely. Hope this helps.