It sounds like you may have bad RAM.
Please go here: MemTest86 - Official Site of the x86 Memory Testing Tool
Download and run the memory testing tool.
To save time and help debug run with 1 RAM module at a time.
If you do find that you have bad RAM then you will have to remove the Bad RAM, RMA and get replacement, and do a full OS reinstall.
If the RAM is bad then it can corrupt your OS installation.
I had a problem similar to what you describe years ago on one of my first PC Builds.
It could be something else but that is where I would start debug.
You may also want to take a look at SiSoftware – Windows, GPGPU, Android, iOS analysers, diagnostic and benchmarking apps
and download a copy of SiSoft Sandra Titanium and use it to identify hardware or software issues on your PC.
Hope this helps.
Disable GPU Scaling and VSR
I agree with colesdav about possible bad memory. When I had one bad Corsair RAM Memory module out of a set of four, I was getting many BSOD's involving Memory errors or System Service Exception or Kmode exception not handled. Everytime I tried to upgrade Windows to a newer version I would get a BSOD or when I was trying to install drivers I would get BSODs.
Ran MEMTEST86, before the first pass was over, it was showing thousands of errors. Removed two of the four RAM Modules and ran the test again. Still showing thousands of errors. Removed one of the two that I had installed and found out which RAM Module was bad. Install the other three RAM and no more BSODs.
FYI, if you just have ONE ERROR indicates a bad RAM Memory normally. You should have ZERO ERRORS after 2 or more passes.
Opened a Corsair Support ticket to RMA my RAM Module (Life time Warranty). They said, since I bought it as a set of four, I needed to send in all four RAM Modules to get a replacement for just the one bad RAM Module. My was also Vengeance series but DDR3. I refused because I couldn't allow my computer to be down for possibly a week or longer waiting for a replacement. Corsair Support said they couldn't send a single RAM Memory because they couldn't guarantee that it will be fully compatible with the rest of my installed RAM Memory and I needed to send in the entire set of four RAM Memory modules. So i went to Corsair and found then purchased the exact same RAM Module but sold as a single unit rather than in a set. Installed and seems to be compatible without any issues.
This is Microsoft List of Blue Screen Error Codes : List of Blue Screen Error Codes (STOP Codes)