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11 Posts authored by: raghu.nambiar Employee

Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) have a half century of history. They laid the foundation for modern business computing. Today, many types of data stores and data management systems are deployed. Still, RDBMS remains the core of enterprise applications for transaction processing, business analytics, and decision support systems – all part of the enterprise business.


While the foundational aspects of RDBMS remain the same, many enterprises demand NoSQL systems, Object Stores and others for real-time processing over vast amounts of data. With “Data-driven decision making” an increasingly common theme across businesses today, smart data processing helps to bring mission-critical business insights to the fingertips. Plus, thanks to the technological innovations for enabling the democratization of data, many applications and data that were once available only for resource-rich enterprises, are now available to businesses of all sizes.


Trading, fraud and anomaly detection, recommendation engines, logistics management, transportation route planning, financial modeling, activity trackers, and many more applications require extreme compute power to consume a huge amount of data in real-time in order to bring insights to modern businesses. These businesses have realized that real-time analytics capabilities can provide a competitive advantage in today’s data-driven world. Their urgency for faster competitive insights from data is driving greater demand for computing power in enterprise data centers across the globe. In response to this growing demand, we at AMD have introduced three new processors in the 2nd Generation AMD EPYC Processor family.


AMD EPYC 7Fx2 Processors

With up to 500MHz of additional base frequency over existing 2nd Gen EPYC processors and large amounts of L3 cache per core, AMD EPYC 7Fx2 features the world’s highest per-core performance x86 CPU1. These new processors are taking computing performance to new heights by pushing the limits of computing throughput in every AMD “Zen 2” core to deliver the most performance. With the increased L3 cache that helps to keep data close to the execution core, the new AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors bring leadership performance to relational databases for transactional processing and real-time analytics.



Base Frequency

Boost Frequency2

(up to)


Cores / Processor

Memory Channels

Maximum Memory / Socket (DDR4-3200)

PCIe Gen4 Lanes / System


3.7 GHz

3.9 GHz



4 TB



3.5 GHz

3.9 GHz



4 TB



3.2 GHz

3.7 GHz



4 TB



At AMD, we have worked closely with ecosystem partners in optimizing the performance of leading RDBMS on AMD EPYC processors to offer companies like yours the best performance and low TCO.


Another unique aspect of the AMD 7Fx2 EPYC processor is its ability to support up to 4TB memory per processor. That is 8TB of memory in a standard two-processor system places a large amount of data close to the processors enabling real-time analytics over large datasets. In addition, the 2nd Gen EPYC family’s industry-first support for PCIe 4 enables high-speed network connectivity, NVMe storage and connectivity to accelerators (FPGA, GPU, etc.).


Let me highlight three examples.


1) Microsoft SQL Server is a leading RDBMS. SQL Server 2019 builds on previous releases to grow as a platform that gives you choices of development languages, data types, on-premises or cloud environments, and operating systems.


The results below demonstrate how AMD EPYC based systems deliver high performance for Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) performance with Microsoft SQL Server 2019.



2) Another example I’d like to bring up here is with AMD EPYC processors with Oracle Database, a multi-model database management system. Oracle Database continues to deliver leading-edge innovations, including machine learning, to enable self-driving data management. This enterprise-proven, database cloud service is designed to support mixed workloads through any deployment strategy, on-premises, or in the cloud.


Best performance for database applications is the synergic outcome of number of vCPUs, size of memory, storage with high throughput IOPS and network speed configured on the instance types used on the infrastructure side.  A performance leadership similar to Microsoft SQL Server was found when we tested AMD EPYC 7Fx2 Processors with Oracle Database 19c on RHEL 7.7 using HammerDB.


3) I can quote many more examples on the performance leadership of AMD EPYC 7Fx2 family of processors but will bring up one more here. Read the results from the test on MySQL using IBM Cloud Bare Metal Servers to see how capable IBM Cloud Bare Metal Instances are at optimizing the I/O throughput for database applications.


While we focused on bringing the highest possible performance to your data center, we kept a laser focus on helping ensure your cost efficiency. AMD EPYC processors enable sustained transaction throughput and linear scaling that allows you to right-size the compute power for your application needs to more easily achieve a lower total cost of ownership -- you pay only for the cores you actually need and optimize your core-based software licensing model costs.


With innovative architecture and security features, the new AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors can provide enterprise data centers running transactional databases on SQL Server with up to 10% higher TPM per-core performance at an estimated 35% lower CPU cost per TPM2. We are here to help you derive faster insights from your data center.


Contact your preferred IT infrastructure provider and start accelerating your time to insight.



  1. Highest per core performance in the world based on EPYC 7F32 (8-cores) having the highest SPECrate 2017_fp_base score divided by total core count, of all SPEC publications as of 4/14/2020. 1x EPYC 7F32 (8-cores) scoring 12.875 base result per core (103 SPECrate 2017_fp_base/16 total cores, compared to the next highest result 1x AMD EPYC 7262 (8-cores) scoring 11.54 base result per core (92.3 SPECrate 2017_fp_base/8 total cores, See for full ranking. SPEC and SPECrate are trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Learn more at ROM-570
  2. Testing as of 3.20.2020 by AMD Performance Labs. Up to 10% higher SQL Server tpm-per-core/lower cost-per-tpm. Workload: HammerDB 3.3 (TPC-C profile - The workload is derived from the TPC-C Benchmark, and as such is not comparable to published TPC-C Benchmark results, as the HammerDB OLTP workload results do not comply with the TPC-C benchmark). Configurations: 2x EPYC 7F32 (16C total, $4200) scoring 2,692,958 tpm (168,310 tpm per core at $0.00156 per tpm). 2x Xeon Gold 6244 (16C total, $5850) scoring 2,446,340 tpm (152,896 tpm per core at $0.00239 per tpm). Results may vary. ROM-572

I introduced the 2nd Generation of AMD EPYC and its world record capabilities for the data center ecosystem when we launched the 2nd Gen in this blog. Now, continuing the legacy of choice without restriction, the next set of AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors brings the world’s highest per-core performance x86 server CPU*. With a balanced architecture, the 2nd Gen AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors increase the boost and max frequencies by 500MHz. That, combined with the industry's most robust L3 cache per core ratio, enables applications to optimize each SoC's core capabilities. Make the most of your software investment - especially if paying on a per-core or per-job basis.  


Designed to redefine the modern data center, the new processors bring leadership per-core performance for enterprise workloads in hyperconverged infrastructure, commercial HPC, and relational databases. The 2nd Gen AMD EPYC Processors deliver World Record performance on many industry-standard benchmarks and bring performance leadership into the following areas:

  • Hyperconverged Infrastructure: Supported by industry-leading platforms such as Nutanix and VMWare vSAN, the new AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors enable groundbreaking performance for HCI. Nutanix announced that Nutanix HCI software would support select AMD EPYC based HPE ProLiant servers by May, and the upcoming availability of AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors on DX platforms in Q3. The popular infrastructure benchmark, VMMark 3.1 running on vSAN, scored 13.27 at 14 tiles (collection of VMs) using the new 2nd Gen AMD EPYC 7F72 Processor – a world record performance for 4-node, 8-socket clusters that are 47% higher than the next closest competition using 25% fewer cores. Here is a link to the results. 
  • Relational Database Management Systems: Process mission-critical workloads for modern enterprises. High-performance CPUs, massive memory footprint, and industry-leading I/O enable high performance for transactional (OLTP) and Decision Support System (DSS) performance. Our internal tests show Relational Database Management Systems like Oracle Database 19c and Microsoft SQL Server 2019 perform significantly better than other comparable industry CPUs. AMD EPYC and its ecosystem partners offer jointly engineered solutions for big data workloads. With a large cache per core, ample memory capacity and bandwidth, and massive I/O combine in the right ratios of the EPYC 7002 series processors help enable breakthrough performance. For example, the EPYC 7Fx2 processor sets a new overall world record on an industry-standard Internet-of-Things benchmark.
  • High Performance Computing: Many high-performance computing (HPC) workloads require a balance between performance and per-core license costs to manage overall costs. AMD EPYC processors offer a consistent set of features across the product line, allowing you to optimize the number of cores required for the workload without sacrificing features like memory channels, memory capacity, or I/O lanes. Regardless of the number of physical cores per socket, you will have support for eight channels of up to DDR4-3200 MHz memory per processor across all processors. This exceptional memory bandwidth paired with large cache per core helps you get the most out of your system by optimizing execution time and overall utilization of your deployment. In AMD Performance Labs, we tested Ansys CFX 2019 R1 and across five test cases, we saw an average per-core performance gain of 94% on the 16-core EPYC 7F52 compared to 16-core Intel XeonGold 6242. Other testing completed includes LSTC LS-Dyna AnsysFluent, Dassault Systèmes Abaqus, Altair Radioss OpenFoam, and WRF as a few examples of HPC applications that can benefit from the new EPYC 7Fx2 processors.


With the AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors, AMD EPYC CPUs continue to be the new standard for business applications in enterprise data centers and maintain an exceptional focus on real-world outcomes and balanced architecture. At AMD, we are committed to continuing our journey of innovative leadership. A journey focused on bringing the leadership performance and total cost of ownership across key application areas in your data center.


We are grateful to our partners who have collaborated with our engineers for a wide range of data center use cases by engineering solutions that help deliver high performance and efficiency at a lower total cost of ownership:

Altair, Ansys, Asrock, Asus, Atos, AWS, Baidu AI Cloud, Beamr, Broadcom, Cadence, Canonical, Ceph, Cisco, Citrix, Cloudera, Cloudflare, Couchbase, Cray, Datastax, Dassault Systèmes, DellEMC, Docker, Dropbox, Elastic, Ericsson, ESI, Excelero, Foxconn, Gigabyte, Google, H3C, Hadoop, Hetzner, Hortonworks, HPE, IBM Cloud, Inventec, Java, Lenovo, LSTC, MapR, MarkLogic, Mavenir, Mellanox, MemSQL, Mentor, Micron, Microsoft, Microfocus | Vertica, MongoDB, Netscout, Nokia, Nutanix, NVIDIA, Oracle, OVH, Packet, PGS, PostgreSQL, QCT, Quobyte, Redislabs, Rehat, Samsung, SAP, SAS, ScaleMP, Seagate, Siemens, Simplivity, SKhynix, Splunk, SQL Server, Stormagic, Supermicro, SUSE, Synopsys, Tencent Cloud, Transwarp, Tyan, VMware,, Western Digital, Wistron, Wiwynn, Xilinx.


Raghu Nambiar is a CVP of Datacenter Ecosystems & Application Engineering for AMD. His postings are his own opinions and may not represent AMD’s positions, strategies or opinions. Links to third party sites or use of third party names/marks are provided for convenience and unless explicitly stated, AMD is not responsible for the contents of such linked sites and no endorsement is implied.



*EPYC 7F32

  1. 2nd Gen AMD EPYC processors used on motherboards designed for the 1st Gen AMD EPYC processor require a BIOS update from your server manufacturer.  The EPYC 7742, 7642 and 7542 are 225w parts and require additional updates, contact your server manufacturer for support. For PCIe4 and DDR4-3200 memory support, please contact your server manufacturer. A motherboard designed for 2nd Gen EPYC processors is required to enable all available functionality. ROM-06a
  2. EPYC002 series has 8-memory channels, supporting 3200 MHz DIMMs yielding 204.8 GB/s of bandwidth vs. the same class of Intel Scalable Gen 2 processors with only 6-memory channels and supporting 2933 MHz DIMMs yielding 140.8 GB/s of bandwidth. 204.8 / 140.8 = 1.454545 - 1.0 = .45 or 45% more. AMD EPYC has 45% more bandwidth. Class based on industry-standard pin-based (LGA) X86 processors. ROM-11
  3. For a complete list of world records, see ROM-169
  4. Each 2nd Gen AMD EPYC processors support up to 4TB of DRAM. Intel Scalable Platinum 8200 and lower series processors can support up to 2TB of DRAM per, July 9, 2019. Class based on industry-standard pin-based (LGA) X86 processors. ROM-265
  5. Based on AMD internal testing of ANSYS CFX2019 R1 running Release 14.0 test cases as of 3/24/2020 on a 2x EPYC 7F52 (16C) powered reference server versus a 2x Intel Xeon Gold 6242 (16C) powered server. Results may vary. ROM-590
  6. AMD EPYC 7F32 with 8-cores and 128MB of L3 cache has ~3.6x more L3 cache per core than the next highest competitive same core-count CPU from Intel, the IntelXeon Gold 6250 processor with 8-cores and 35.75MB of L3 cache. 128 / 35.75 = 3.5804 or ~3.6x the L3 cache or ~2.6x more L3 cache per core. ROM-604
  7. 47% higher score amd 56% more tiles (VMs) based on VMmark 3.1 vSANcomparing 2x EPYC 7F72 scoring 13.27 @ 14 tiles (266 VMs), compared to the next highest competitive result on 2x Intel Xeon Platinum 8276L scoring 9.00 @ 9 tiles (171 VMs), 47% higher score = 13.27/9 = 1.474x the score and 56% more tiles (VMs) = 14/9=1.555x the tiles (VMs) as of 4/14/20. VMmark is a product of VMware, Inc. ROM-639
  8. Best published TPCExpress Benchmark IoT Overall world record result as of 04/01/20. Configuration: 2nd Gen EPYC 7F72 powered server with 4-nodes, 1-socket scoring 2480917.6 IoTps ($0.18 USD/IoTps, avail 4/14/20, The next highest published score is on a 2nd Gen EPYC 7502P powered server with 4-nodes, 1-socket scoring 2199052.90 IoTps ($0.20 USD/IoTps, avail 3/30/20, TPC, TPC Benchmark and TPC-C are trademarks of the Transaction Processing Performance Council. ROM-626

We are excited to be at SC’19 with our friends and family of ecosystem partners. I’d like to share my thoughts on how AMD has unleashed the EPYC revolution for HPC. AMD is all about innovation and our mission is to deliver products that help to solve the world’s toughest challenges – in life sciences, earth science, energy, manufacturing, fundamental research, oil and gas, machine intelligence and many more. We celebrated our 50th anniversary milestone this year with what analysts called the ‘7nm storm’. The 7nm EPYC, Radeon and Ryzen processors bring new possibilities to the new era of computing with ground-breaking performance and outstanding power efficiency driving lower TCO.


Creating an inflection point with trailblazing performance and unprecedented scalability for today’s HPC workloads, AMD EPYC processors mark the next milestone in “exascale computing” characterized by compute power in exaFLOPS, or a quintillion floating-point calculations per second. AMD is uniquely positioned to lead the exascale era with CPU and GPU technologies. We are collaborating with the US Dept of Energy, Cray and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to build the world’s fastest supercomputer named Frontier, expected to hit 1.5 exaflops. This will be five times faster than today’s top supercomputers. Powered by AMD CPUs and GPUs, Frontier will help model the entire lifespan of a nuclear reactor, uncover disease genetics, and build on recent developments in science and technology to further integrate artificial intelligence with data analytics and modeling and simulation.


HPC touches every aspects of lives. HPC in the enterprise segment also is being accelerated as many industries are looking for faster and safer solutions for real world problems, challenging the status quo to find breakthrough innovations in fields such as weather modeling and simulation, materials and manufacturing industries, oil and gas, healthcare and medicine, to name a few. HPC requires high performance CPUs.


HPC is all about high performance CPUs. AMD EPYC offers a range of processor options for HPC. Let me highlight two specific CPUs from our broad portfolio of processors. EPYC 7542, with 32 cores (2.9GHz base, up to 3.4GHz boost, 225W TDP) and 128MB of L3 cache, has been a popular option in the middle of the market, while EPYC 7742, with 64 cores (2.25GHz base, up to 3.4GHz boost, 225W) and 256MB of L3 cache, has been a popular choice at the high end. New addition to our innovative portfolio is the EPYC 7H12 which packs 64 cores (2.6GHz base, up to 3.3GHz boost, 280W TDP) specifically built for extreme performance. Here are some examples of how AMD EPYC steps up the game, yet again. Our ecosystem partners have announced highly optimized server platform for HPC to address the performance and scalability needs of emerging demands.


Faster Weather Forecasting

We are reminded of the importance of weather forecasting every day. AMD EPYC empowers solutions to more efficiently predict weather, including weather-related natural disasters, which helps reduce the enormity of losses caused by these disasters. 


The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model is a popular application for predicting weather. It is used for both atmospheric research and operational weather forecasting applications. It’s data assimilation system and parallel compute capability allows WRF to server a wide range of meteorological applications.


AMD EPYC demonstrates exceptional performance and scalability running WRF and AMD EPYC 7742 has been a popular choice for it. With 128 cores and 256 threads in dual CPU configurations EPYC 7742 powered servers have demonstrated approximately twice the performance of our previous generation of EPYC processors. Since WRF is open source, there are no software license costs to consider in choosing the number of cores that you run.

See additional 2nd Gen AMD EPYC performance test reports running WRF use cases here.


Building Faster Physical Models through Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is another critical workload for solving today’s engineering challenges. We have tested several CFD codes and demonstrated industry leading performance on AMD EPYC 7002 series of processors. I want to highlight ANSYS CFX, a popular application which has a long history and is best known for its ability to simulate turbomachinery accurately and quickly.  Let us look at a performance of ANSYS CFX running on two mid-range SKUs – Intel Xeon Gold 6248 processor with 20 cores, 2.5GHz base frequency and 27.5MB cache, and, AMD 2nd Gen EPYC 7542 with 32 cores, 2.5GHX base frequency and 128MB of cache. 

On five standard ANSYS CFX benchmark models, the 2nd Gen AMD EPYC 7542 significantly outperforms the Xeon Gold 6248. Efficiently running this many cores per CPU with stellar results allows for much denser solutions.  More density with better performance allows reductions in total systems required resulting in, lower power, and a smaller footprint in the data center. 


Automotive Safety is Top of Mind

Driving a safe car is one of the highest priorities for consumers. Designing a safe car quickly is one of the highest priorities for automotive manufacturers. Designing better and safer products requires the engineers to predict the consequence of any design changes on the real-world performance of their product. 2nd Gen AMD EPYC allows car makers to analyze the safety of their designs faster, leading to safer cars and faster time to market. 


Altair Radioss is a leading structural analysis solver and has established itself as a leader and an industry standard for automotive crash, drop & impact analysis, terminal ballistic, blast and explosion effects and high velocity impacts.

Altair Radioss was used to compare the performance of the highest core-count 2nd Gen EPYC processor (AMD EPYC 7742) vs. the highest core-count industry-standard pin-based (LGA) competitive processor (Intel Xeon Platinum 8280).  We ran 2 standard benchmarks on both systems.  The results are summarized below.

Comparing the top of the product stack of 2nd Gen EPYC processors and Intel Xeon Platinum processors, once again demonstrates the dominant performance of the 2nd Gen EPYC processors.  The 7742 is 38% faster on average than the Intel Platinum 8280 across these two benchmark models.


See how AMD EPYC supports real world simulation for safety from the performance test results on Radioss.

2nd Generation EPYC processors are truly changing the game in HPC, delivering exceptional performance on real-world workloads.  Talk to your AMD sales team, your software partner, or your server partner to find out which AMD EPYC processor best fits your workload’s demands.  Innovation is in our DNA.  We are just getting started on the EPYC journey to revolutionize HPC!


We are grateful to our technology partners who have collaborated with our engineers in creating a wide range of datacenter application use cases:  Altair, Ansys, Atos, Broadcom, Cadence, Cray, Dassault Systems, Dell EMC, Docker, ESI Group, Gigabyte, HPE, LSTC, Mellanox, Mentor Graphics, Microsoft, Micron, Mentor Graphics, Microsoft, Oracle, Red Hat, Samsung, ScaleMP, Siemens PLM, Supermicro, SUSE, Synopsys, WekaIO, Xilinx and others.


Raghu Nambiar is the CVP & CTO of Datacenter Ecosystems & Application Engineering for AMD. His postings are his own opinions and may not represent AMD’s positions, strategies or opinions. Links to third party sites are provided for convenience and unless explicitly stated, AMD is not responsible for the contents of such linked sites and no endorsement is implied. 

This is an EPYC revolution! The history of AMD innovation continues today with the launch and availability of select AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors. The second-generation milestone in the AMD EPYC family builds on the disruptive datacenter products that AMD first established with the original EPYC 7001 Series. With the first 7nm x86 server technology, first PCIe Gen 4 readiness1, and the first x86 server architecture with DDR4-32001 we bring expectation-shattering performance and exceptional scalability to your data center ecosystem with our new lineup.


Architectural innovations in AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors are designed to deliver exceptional performance with unique security features, for a variety of workloads that matter to you -  on traditional bare metal, software defined, converged and hyper-converged infrastructures in private, public, and hybrid cloud environments. We know today’s connected world is unleashing huge quantities of data every second. Data center operational cost efficiency, space optimization, and faster application response times are critical.  AMD EPYC addresses them all and today we are announcing 80 world records across our ecosystem.


Let’s take a closer look at how the ecosystem around AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors enable support for your business:


Ready today with support for major operating systems and hypervisors

AMD has close relationships and joint engineering engagements with major operating systems and hypervisor vendors enabling key features and optimizations. A key focus of AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors are the security features to help defend your CPU, applications, and data. Data centers around the globe are constantly adapting to securely meet the current workload demands while planning for future needs. Secure Memory Encryption (SME) uses a single key to encrypt system memory and Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) and further extends that feature by enabling each guest in a public or private cloud instance to be encrypted by a unique key. With SME and SEV, users can have greater confidence the security capability surrounding their private data. The growing community of operating system vendors that support SEV includes Canonical, Fedora, Oracle, RedHat, and SUSE. VMware has also committed to support AMD security features in a future release of vSphere.

Comprehensive offering in High Performance Computing (HPC)

High performance computing (HPC) powers new technology advancements in academia and a wide array of industries across both the public and private sectors. Scientific research, public health, climate modeling, as well as oil and gas exploration are just a few examples where HPC is the driving force behind new innovations and knowledge discovery. (AMD CPUs and GPUs will power the new Frontier exascale supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 2021.) Innovative architecture of AMD EPYC 7002 Series brings tremendous performance and scalability for HPC applications, offering you a choice in x86 architecture while optimizing total cost of ownership.


The 4Vs of Big Data Analytics

Data is growing at exponential rates, often characterized by the 4Vs - Volume, Velocity,  Veracity and Value - big data analytics is fueling the digital transformation across industry, research and governments. The demand for computing power is increasing apace, but often IT budgets and data center space are not. AMD EPYC processors’ single socket with no compromise on features can offer the performance and efficiency for a broad set of big data analytics applications. World record benchmark results from our partners clearly demonstrate the high performance and lower cost of ownership advantages one processor can have compared to two socket systems from small to large scale.  Combined with larger and faster memory, massive I/O throughput and a high-speed network you can be ready to face any big data challenge.


Don’t forget Relational Databases

Relational databases continue to be central to mission-critical applications from transactional operations to decision support systems. The emergence of mobile technology is redefining the e-commerce across industry verticals. Complex online transactions and analytics to gain insights in real-time is a must for staying ahead in business today. AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors bring hi-speed memory and high performance I/O to support high performance for data intensive applications. We are happy to announce new industry leading performance benchmark results today using relational database management systems with our ecosystem partners.


Number of virtual machines surpassed the number of physical machines a long time ago. It’s all about clouds – private and public

The AMD EPYC 7002 Series value proposition is simple: more cores open the door for more virtual machines, better consolidation, lower cost, and simpler management. 7nm technology enables powerful and efficient processors that are capable of delivering more performance at the same power2. AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors' high core count, DDR4-3200 capable memory, high performance IO and connectivity with PCIe 4.0, security features and compelling energy efficiency are a strong match for today’s highly virtualized data center. Outstanding performance in VMmark, SPECvirt and TPCx-V are testaments to performance and efficiency. This provides strong value for all kinds of virtual environments, including VM dense applications (such as VDI), Containers, hyperconverged solutions (such as vSAN, Nutanix, HPE SimpliVity) and cloud native applications.


Offering the latest and greatest from the hardware ecosystem

We have a long history of being the first to bring key technologies to market. Today we announce support for PCI 4.0, doubling the bandwidth from PCIe 3.0. Double the bandwidth is a HUGE improvement from the previous generation of AMD EPYC processors and first in the x86 server world.  This is a tremendous advantage in the data center, and will enable significant reduction in network interfaces cards, switch ports, cables, and of course management points. PCIe 4.0 also enables faster connectivity to high speed GPUs and accelerators, as well as NVMe devices.


We owe a big thanks to our partners

Today would not be possible without the incredible support of our ecosystem partners. Our broad partner ecosystem and collaborative engineering provide solutions that help deliver high performance and efficiency at lower total cost of ownership.


We are grateful to our partners who have collaborated with our engineers for a wide range of datacenter use cases:

Altair, Ansys, AWS, Beamr, Broadcom, Cadence, Canonical, Citrix, Cloudera, Cloudian, Couchbase, Dassault Systèmes, DataStax, Docker, ESI Group, Exasol, LSTC, MapR, Mavenir, Mellanox, MemSQL, Mentor Graphics, Microsoft, Micron, MongoDB, NetScout, MapR, Mavenir, Mentor Graphics, Microsoft, MongoDB, NetScout, Nokia, Nutanix, Oracle, Quobyte, Red Hat, Redis Labs, SAP, SAS, Samsung, ScaleMP, Siemens PLM, Splunk, StorMagic, SUSE, Synopsys, Transwarp, TigerGraph, Vertica, VMware, WekaIO, Xilinx.




Check out our documents here: Solutions Briefs and Performance Briefs.



  1. Some supported features and functionality of second-generation AMD EPYC processors (codenamed “Rome”) require a BIOS update from your server manufacturer when used with a motherboard designed for the first-generation AMD EPYC 7000 series processor.  A motherboard designed for “Rome” processors is required to enable all available functionality. ROM-06.
  2. EPYC-07: Based on June 8, 2018 AMD internal testing of same-architecture product ported from 14 to 7 nm technology with similar implementation flow/methodology, using performance from SGEMM. EPYC-07

As AMD celebrates 50 years as a company, one of our latest innovations for the enterprise, the AMD EPYC™ processors, have gained momentum across datacenter and cloud computing segments. One of the key areas where we see tremendous traction is in hyperconverged infrastructures (HCI). Today we are excited to announce a technology partnership with Nutanix, an established leader in hyperconvergence delivering a full software stack that integrates compute, virtualization, storage, networking and security to power applications at scale.


AMD and Nutanix have worked together on optimizing Nutanix’s hyperconverged software, Acropolis OS, on AMD EPYC processors. The teams have been collaborating closely for several months and look forward to bringing Nutanix validated EPYC processor-based servers to the market from leading server OEM manufacturers.

Nutanix has already embarked on the path for enabling choice in hypervisors by enabling support for its own AHV, as well as VMWare ESXi®, and Microsoft® Hyper-V, and with the enablement of these hypervisors on EPYC, AMD and Nutanix will be increasing x86 CPU choice for datacenter customers.


Together AMD and Nutanix are bringing out the true value of the EPYC processor, leveraging its impressive PCIe® connectivity, memory bandwidth and memory capacity. In addition to the TCO savings that customers can get with Nutanix hyperconvergence software, AMD and Nutanix are optimizing on AMD EPYC processor-powered single socket servers to enable even further TCO savings to datacenter customers. We expect the combined EPYC processor + Nutanix solution to shine on several workloads such as VDI, virtualized storage, and containerized applications.


EPYC Processor Hyperconvergence

The AMD EPYC processor is ideally suited for hyperconvergence by providing high performance compute coupled with impressive I/O for native connectivity to storage. EPYC System-on-Chip (SoC) performance scales linearly and uniformly across cores helping minimize performance variation within applications.

Designed from the ground up for a new generation of solutions, AMD EPYC implements a philosophy of choice without restriction. Choose the number of cores and sockets that meet your needs without sacrificing key features like memory and I/O.

Each EPYC SoC can have from 8 to 32 cores with access to incredible amounts of I/O and memory regardless of the number of cores in use, including 128 PCIe® lanes, and support for up to 2 TB of high-speed memory per socket.

The AMD + Nutanix journey has just begun. Stay tuned for updates; fully supported Nutanix solutions on EPYC based OEM servers are planned for summer 2019.


AMD is proudly sponsoring Nutanix.NEXT 2019. We look forward to seeing you at the event where you can learn more on the value that Nutanix and AMD bring to customers deploying HCI.


Raghu Nambiar is the CVP & CTO of Datacenter Ecosystems & Application Engineering at AMD. His postings are his own opinions and may not represent AMD’s positions, strategies or opinions. Links to third party sites are provided for convenience and unless explicitly stated, AMD is not responsible for the contents of such linked sites and no endorsement is implied.  GD-5

We have talked a lot about the value proposition for EPYC™ processors in virtualized environments, including a potential TCO savings of up to 45% in scenarios where AMD estimates competitive dual-socket system costs against the costs of a single EPYC processor-based system. The scalability AMD EPYC delivers to containerized applications and services using the Docker platform has received less attention.

Containers are a natural evolution of virtualization when it comes to increasing server efficiency even further. Separating the OS from the application removes the requirement to run a copy of the entire OS with each application on  a virtualized machine, allowing many more applications to run on a single VM . Containers allow developers to package up an application and its parts, such as libraries and other dependencies, and deliver it as a single package.

With the Docker platform, businesses have been able to modernize monolithic or traditional applications and transition them to a container-based solution.  Most business applications consist of several components organized into a stack: web server, database, and in-memory cache.  Containers make it possible to compose each component into separate functional units or packages that can be maintained, scaled and updated independently.  The Docker platform is a key technology for enabling this type of application design, often called a microservice model where each such functional component is a microservice.



AMD EPYC provides increased core density and flexibility to scale Docker-based microservices and applications up or down to meet spikes in demand or conserve system resources.  CPU response time increases linearly when all cores become saturated and the number of concurrently running containers continue to ramp up.  For CPU-intensive workloads,  EPYC capabilities enable system administrators to calculate how much CPU to over-provision depending on their applications Service Level Agreements (SLAs).

The Docker platform is available as both an open-source platform and enterprise-ready container platform for packaging, distributing, and managing applications within containers.

To learn more about the scalable performance of AMD EPYC in a Docker environment, please see three in-depth examples here.

Raghu Nambiar is the CVP & CTO of Datacenter Ecosystems & Application Engineering at AMD. His postings are his own opinions and may not represent AMD’s positions, strategies or opinions. Links to third party sites are provided for convenience and unless explicitly stated, AMD is not responsible for the contents of such linked sites and no endorsement is implied.  GD-5

High-performance computing (HPC) has grown to a point where it is a critical component of new technology advancements in academia and a wide array of industries in both the public and private sectors. Scientific research, public health, climate modeling, as well as oil and gas exploration are just a few examples where HPC is the driving force behind new innovations and knowledge discovery.


Utilizing the x86-architecture, the AMD EPYC™ processor, brings together high core counts, large memory capacity, extreme memory bandwidth and massive I/O with the right ratios to enable exceptional HPC workload performance.


AMD is committed to creating a broad partner ecosystem with collaborative engineering to provide tested and validated solutions that are tuned for specific workloads. As a result, AMD EPYC processors are now certified with software vendors providing some of the most popular HPC solutions. Examples include: computational fluid dynamics (CFD), crash simulation, and finite element analysis (FEA).


For computational fluid dynamics (CFD), AMD partnered with ANSYS® to take advantage of the AMD EPYC processor’s ample memory bandwidth to enable exceptional performance with their Fluent® software. ANSYS Fluent is used by the automotive, aerospace, consumer goods, energy, and healthcare industries for modeling flow, turbulence, heat transfer, and reactions in applications ranging from air flow over an aircraft wing to combustion in a furnace.


Altair Radioss is a leading structural analysis solver for non-linear problems under dynamic loadings, like automotive crash analysis, drop and impact analysis, terminal ballistics, blast and explosion effects, and high velocity impacts. AMD collaborated with Altair to create an optimized solution for Altair’s PBS Professional, a fast, powerful workload manager designed for HPC clusters, clouds and supercomputers. PBS Professional maximizes the utilization of an AMD EPYC processor cluster and increases the job throughput of Radioss.


OpenFOAM®, is free, open source computational fluid dynamics software. OpenFOAM is used across numerous engineering and science organizations, most notably in automotive, energy and aerospace. It’s designed to solve a wide range of problems, from complex fluid flows involving chemical reactions, turbulence and heat transfer, to acoustics, solid mechanics and electromagnetics. OpenFOAM takes advantage of the AMD EPYC processor’s ample memory bandwidth and large memory capacity.


For finite element analysis (FEA), AMD collaborated with LSTC. LS-DYNA® is a general-purpose multi-physics, finite element analysis program capable of simulating complex real-world problems. Widely used by the automotive industry to analyze vehicle designs, LS-DYNA® can accurately predict a car's behavior in a collision and the effects of the collision upon the car's occupants. These workloads are complex requiring a balance between floating point performance, memory bandwidth and network bandwidth. AMD EPYC processor’s eight lanes of memory bandwidth enable the system to more efficiently use the cores in each server. With LS-DYNA® and AMD EPYC processors, automotive companies and their suppliers can test car designs without having to tool or experimentally test a prototype, thus saving time and expense.


In addition, AMD is investing heavily in high-performance computing for weather related codes. WRF, IFS and HYCOM are all sophisticated applications used in research and operational forecasting. All require a balance of computational power, large volume data ingestion and memory bandwidth. Initial testing of AMD EPYC processor-based systems by the HPC and AI Innovation Lab showed impressive results on memory bandwidth and core density per socket making AMD EPYC processor-based servers a good choice for many applications. AMD is continuing to collaborate with the community to optimize the entire stack for all weather-related codes.


AMD is committed to continually expanding our partner ecosystem to create jointly engineered, optimized solutions for our customers that lower implementation risk and improve total cost of ownership.


Raghu Nambiar is the CVP & CTO of Datacenter Ecosystems & Application Engineering at AMD. His postings are his own opinions and may not represent AMD’s positions, strategies or opinions. Links to third party sites are provided for convenience and unless explicitly stated, AMD is not responsible for the contents of such linked sites and no endorsement is implied.  GD-5


After years of attending the Strata Data Conference, this is my first year at the show in my new role as Vice President and CTO of the Datacenter group for AMD. It’s also the first year for AMD’s new server processor, EPYC™, which only increases my excitement about the conference this week. The AMD EPYC processor is designed specifically for the modern datacenter with high core counts, access to large amounts of memory, ample memory bandwidth and massive I/O. All brought together with the right ratios to create an incredibly flexible workhorse able to meet the needs of a wide variety of workloads.


The big data revolution began with the ability to harness many computers in order to process large amounts of data (far larger than ever before). This was an innovative use of software that turned under-utilized smaller servers into a single data processing engine that unleashed the latent power of the data that is the beating heart of every business.


The next innovative leap provided the ability to process this huge volume of data in real-time. Advances in networking, storage and software technology enabled real-time streaming processing of huge volumes of data. We are now entering the next stage of innovation: real-time analysis. Analysis is what turns data into insight, and the combined efforts of the global community are making analysis of big data in real-time a reality. The AMD EPYC processors are perfectly matched to support the hardware underpinning all of the computation needed to support this effort.


We are proud to be part of a large and growing ecosystem of partners, many of them here at Strata New York: Hortonworks, MapR, DataStax and Couchbase to name just a few; all of whom are actively participating in this ongoing innovation. AMD’s most recent contribution is the EPYC SoC which employs a truly innovative design -  the “no compromise, single socket” system is now a viable choice to replace two-socket systems. This in turn drives down cost, improves energy usage and makes better use of space in the datacenter.


Business innovates with data. With AMD EPYC processors, that innovation extends all the  way down the stack into the processor itself. Stop by our booth (#954) at the conference to see some of the more than 50 server platforms that the AMD EPYC processor has been designed into, as well as information on our growing list of partnerships with independent software vendors.

Over the last 30 years, industry standard bodies like the TPC and SPEC have developed many standards for performance benchmarking. The motivation behind these standards is to create technically rigorous, vendor-neutral methods of comparison. These standards have enabled buyers to make more informed decisions about their purchases and have given designers and engineers baselines to better understand their systems, ultimately driving innovation and the development of faster, less expensive, and more energy efficient systems.


Looking back, the most influential and widely adopted standards were the SPEC CPU Benchmark Suites at the system level, and at the application level, the TPC-C (industry standard for benchmarking transaction processing systems), and the TPC-D and its successor, TPC-H (industry standards for benchmarking decision support systems). These were the forerunners to hundreds of benchmark results, appearing in publications and research papers, and driving an ever-expanding list of innovations.


Time marches on and technology-driven innovation continues its relentless advance. Let’s take a closer look at benchmark standards from the TPC in recent years. The TPC has kept pace with the technology, developing and releasing appropriate benchmark standards such as the TPCx-HS and TPCx-BB (benchmark standard for Hadoop based big data analytics), TPCx-DS 2.0 (benchmark standard for decision support on relational and non-relational database systems), and the TPCx-IoT (benchmark standard for IoT gateway systems). In line with the increasing use of virtualization in both private and public clouds, the TPC developed a complete end-to-end virtualization benchmark, TPCx-V.


So, what is TPCx-V designed for? It measures the performance of a server running virtualized databases, and models many properties of virtualized servers including: multiple virtual machines (VMs) running at different load levels, online transaction processing workloads, and decision support system workloads. It uses databases of different sizes and load levels, and simulates large fluctuations in the load levels within virtual machines mirroring real-life load elasticity.


I am a big fan of talking about the industry’s best and first-ever. For those who follow the evolution of database technologies and industry standards, I want to highlight some historical data: the first TPC-C1 and TPC-D2 results were published by IBM; the first TPC-H3 was published by Sun; more recently, the first TPCx-HS4 and TPCx-IoT5 were published by Cisco.


Today, it is my great pleasure to jointly announce the industry’s first ever TPCx-V result. The result was produced using an AMD EPYC™ processor in a Dell EMC server running VMWare.


The benchmark configuration consists of one Dell EMC PowerEdge R7415 with one AMD EPYC 7551P processor (32 core/64 threads), 256 GB DDR4 RAM (2400 Mhz) running VMware ESXi 6.5.0 U2 GA. The TPCx-V throughput performance is 541.5 tpsV and price/performance is 57.31 tpsV/$. The results were audited by a TPC certified auditor. The full disclosure report can be found here.


Standards-based architectures continue to be the platforms of choice in both private and public clouds, and now AMD has brought choice back to the marketplace. AMD EPYC™ processors offer not only an industry standard based architecture, but many innovations for performance, density and security. I encourage you to learn more about AMD EPYC™ processors in virtualized environments and consider AMD for your next datacenter upgrade cycle.


Click here for more information about AMD’S innovative new EPYC™ processors

Click here for more information about TPC



  1. First TPC-C publication: 54 tpmC, $188,562/tpmC, 12/1995, IBM. Fastest as of today: 30,249,688 tpmC, $1.01/tpmC, 12/2010, Oracle
  2. First TPC-D publication: 84 QthD, $52,170/QphD, 09/1992, IBM
  3. First: TPC-H publication 1,280 QthH, $816/QphD, @100GB, 09/1999, Sun. Fastest as of today: 11,612,395 QphH, $0.37/QphH @100TB, 9/2014, Dell
  4. First TPCx-HS publication: 5.07 HSph,$121,231.76/HSph @1TB, 1/2015, Cisco. Fastest as of today: 23.42 HSph, $36,800/HSph @30TB, 10/2015, Cisco
  5. First TPCx-IoT publication: 142,493.85 IoTps,$0.94/ IoTps, 11/2017, Cisco


Raghu Nambiar is Corporate Vice President & CTO, Datacenter Ecosystem & Application Engineering for AMD. His postings are his own opinions and may not represent AMD’s positions, strategies or opinions. Links to third party sites are provided for convenience and unless explicitly stated, AMD is not responsible for the contents of such linked sites and no endorsement is implied.  GD-5

We just celebrated the one year anniversary of the introduction of the AMD EPYC processor. As exciting as it is to look back, in this industry we must continue to look forward.

The world is undergoing unprecedented change driven by technology advances that are connecting billions of people to the internet and to each other, creating enormous amounts of data in the process. These connections and data represent an opportunity for companies to improve their business, create new revenue streams, even invent whole new models to solve the world’s most challenging problems.

Whole industries are being transformed as state-of-the-art software running on innovative processors demonstrate both the collective and personalized power of analytics harnessing big data. Healthcare systems that leverage the totality of medical data for personalized diagnosis; recommendation systems for targeted marketing to better serve the customer; transportation systems that reduce traffic and improve routing are just a few examples. There are many more: education, smart cities, genomics, drug discovery, energy efficiency, safety, security, etc.

Many of these systems use services that are now easily accessible to anyone through cloud providers. These providers run huge storage and server farms all built on a foundation of massive compute power with the flexibility to handle a wide variety of workloads.

The revolutionary AMD EPYC processor has gained significant momentum in the industry this year. It is truly exciting to see it being adopted by major server vendors and cloud service providers. With its high core count, large memory capacity and memory bandwidth, and vast I/O density, AMD EPYC is helping customers meet their performance needs without breaking the bank. By offering a choice in x86 architecture, AMD EPYC provides the flexibility, performance and security for the evolving needs of modern data center applications translating directly to more performance per dollar.

Partnerships are critical to bringing the potential of EPYC to anyone who wants to leverage its unique blend of performance and features. Big Data Analytics (BDA) are now commonly used on-premise, in the cloud, and in hybrid environments. An integral part of BDA is the Hadoop ecosystem.  At AMD, we’ve been working diligently to expand our software ecosystem partnerships with the industry leaders in this space: Cloudera, Hortonworks, MapR and Transwarp. Today, we are focusing on partnerships and reference designs, both single-socket and dual-socket, with these partners providing the flexibility, performance and scalability needed to meet the requirements of modern data processing.

The “no compromise” single-socket design ensures you are only paying for the processing power the application needs. Single-socket servers support all of the I/O and memory bandwidth available to a dual-socket server without the extra cost. The versatile dual-socket design offers the highest available AMD EPYC core density and memory capacity, enabling our highest performance. Comprehensive offers based on these reference designs will soon be available from our server partners.

The advent of big data has revolutionized analytics and data science by allowing enterprises to store, access and analyze massive amounts of data of almost any type from any source. The AMD EPYC processor family has arrived at the perfect time as the underlying hardware solution to provide the perfect mix of flexibility and scalability of resources. I look forward to continuing to work with our ecosystem partners to bring the AMD EPYC processors to their customers.

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There might not be a better example of a synergistic technology relationship than AMD and the Linux community. Back when AMD was the first to make the transition to a 64-bit instruction set architecture (ISA), Linux support was immediate and broad. The now widely known AMD64 architecture would not have taken off as quickly and as successfully if not for the groundswell of support from the Linux community.


When AMD delivered the truly innovative EPYC processor last year, the call went out yet again to the Linux community and they responded in kind. These high-performance CPUs have tremendous potential to reshape the landscape of the datacenter and the enterprise, as much or more than the AMD64 architecture. Setting aside the obvious need for choice in CPU suppliers and operating systems, AMD went the extra mile and delivered to Linux supporters something truly unique and perfectly suited for the modern datacenter. AMD built a specific set of security features directly into EPYC processors, and these features are now supported in Linux. Specifically designed to encrypt data in a virtualized environment, these features address a critical need for any company working with sensitive user data and/or considering moving their infrastructure to the cloud.


Secure Memory Encryption (SME) implements a simple and efficient method for main memory encryption that is flexible, integrated in the CPU architecture and does not require any modifications to the application software. By encrypting DRAM and non-volatile memory technologies, SME helps protect against physical access attacks like cold boot or platform reset, or even hardware probing.  SME can encrypt all memory when enabled directly in BIOS or can provide page-level control when enabled in the OS (Linux 4.14).


Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) integrates main memory encryption capabilities with the existing AMD-V virtualization architecture to support encrypted virtual machines. Encrypting virtual machines helps protect them from physical threats, other virtual machines and even the hypervisor itself.  SEV guest support is in Linux 4.15 and hypervisor support in 4.16.

AMD is committed to working with our Linux community partners to deliver innovative solutions that meet the needs of modern datacenters. The AMD Software Ecosystem and Alliances team has regular technical reviews with the Linux distribution providers to align our hardware roadmaps to their releases. As a result, support for SME is now available in Red Hat 7.5; SEV guest is available in Ubuntu 18.04. Watch this space closely as SEV host capable operating systems are expected to become available later this year.


Details of the EPYC line of processors and the highly differentiated value proposition they deliver have been well documented in our blogs, including earlier this month when AMD demonstrated the new Dell PowerEdge systems at Dell Technologies World.


For a more complete picture of the integrated security features built into AMD EPYC processors, including SME and SEV, please download the Pathfinder Research whitepaper.