Skip navigation

Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) have a half century of history. They laid the foundation for modern business computing. Today, many types of data stores and data management systems are deployed. Still, RDBMS remains the core of enterprise applications for transaction processing, business analytics, and decision support systems – all part of the enterprise business.


While the foundational aspects of RDBMS remain the same, many enterprises demand NoSQL systems, Object Stores and others for real-time processing over vast amounts of data. With “Data-driven decision making” an increasingly common theme across businesses today, smart data processing helps to bring mission-critical business insights to the fingertips. Plus, thanks to the technological innovations for enabling the democratization of data, many applications and data that were once available only for resource-rich enterprises, are now available to businesses of all sizes.


Trading, fraud and anomaly detection, recommendation engines, logistics management, transportation route planning, financial modeling, activity trackers, and many more applications require extreme compute power to consume a huge amount of data in real-time in order to bring insights to modern businesses. These businesses have realized that real-time analytics capabilities can provide a competitive advantage in today’s data-driven world. Their urgency for faster competitive insights from data is driving greater demand for computing power in enterprise data centers across the globe. In response to this growing demand, we at AMD have introduced three new processors in the 2nd Generation AMD EPYC Processor family.


AMD EPYC 7Fx2 Processors

With up to 500MHz of additional base frequency over existing 2nd Gen EPYC processors and large amounts of L3 cache per core, AMD EPYC 7Fx2 features the world’s highest per-core performance x86 CPU1. These new processors are taking computing performance to new heights by pushing the limits of computing throughput in every AMD “Zen 2” core to deliver the most performance. With the increased L3 cache that helps to keep data close to the execution core, the new AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors bring leadership performance to relational databases for transactional processing and real-time analytics.



Base Frequency

Boost Frequency2

(up to)


Cores / Processor

Memory Channels

Maximum Memory / Socket (DDR4-3200)

PCIe Gen4 Lanes / System


3.7 GHz

3.9 GHz



4 TB



3.5 GHz

3.9 GHz



4 TB



3.2 GHz

3.7 GHz



4 TB



At AMD, we have worked closely with ecosystem partners in optimizing the performance of leading RDBMS on AMD EPYC processors to offer companies like yours the best performance and low TCO.


Another unique aspect of the AMD 7Fx2 EPYC processor is its ability to support up to 4TB memory per processor. That is 8TB of memory in a standard two-processor system places a large amount of data close to the processors enabling real-time analytics over large datasets. In addition, the 2nd Gen EPYC family’s industry-first support for PCIe 4 enables high-speed network connectivity, NVMe storage and connectivity to accelerators (FPGA, GPU, etc.).


Let me highlight three examples.


1) Microsoft SQL Server is a leading RDBMS. SQL Server 2019 builds on previous releases to grow as a platform that gives you choices of development languages, data types, on-premises or cloud environments, and operating systems.


The results below demonstrate how AMD EPYC based systems deliver high performance for Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) performance with Microsoft SQL Server 2019.



2) Another example I’d like to bring up here is with AMD EPYC processors with Oracle Database, a multi-model database management system. Oracle Database continues to deliver leading-edge innovations, including machine learning, to enable self-driving data management. This enterprise-proven, database cloud service is designed to support mixed workloads through any deployment strategy, on-premises, or in the cloud.


Best performance for database applications is the synergic outcome of number of vCPUs, size of memory, storage with high throughput IOPS and network speed configured on the instance types used on the infrastructure side.  A performance leadership similar to Microsoft SQL Server was found when we tested AMD EPYC 7Fx2 Processors with Oracle Database 19c on RHEL 7.7 using HammerDB.


3) I can quote many more examples on the performance leadership of AMD EPYC 7Fx2 family of processors but will bring up one more here. Read the results from the test on MySQL using IBM Cloud Bare Metal Servers to see how capable IBM Cloud Bare Metal Instances are at optimizing the I/O throughput for database applications.


While we focused on bringing the highest possible performance to your data center, we kept a laser focus on helping ensure your cost efficiency. AMD EPYC processors enable sustained transaction throughput and linear scaling that allows you to right-size the compute power for your application needs to more easily achieve a lower total cost of ownership -- you pay only for the cores you actually need and optimize your core-based software licensing model costs.


With innovative architecture and security features, the new AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors can provide enterprise data centers running transactional databases on SQL Server with up to 10% higher TPM per-core performance at an estimated 35% lower CPU cost per TPM2. We are here to help you derive faster insights from your data center.


Contact your preferred IT infrastructure provider and start accelerating your time to insight.



  1. Highest per core performance in the world based on EPYC 7F32 (8-cores) having the highest SPECrate 2017_fp_base score divided by total core count, of all SPEC publications as of 4/14/2020. 1x EPYC 7F32 (8-cores) scoring 12.875 base result per core (103 SPECrate 2017_fp_base/16 total cores, compared to the next highest result 1x AMD EPYC 7262 (8-cores) scoring 11.54 base result per core (92.3 SPECrate 2017_fp_base/8 total cores, See for full ranking. SPEC and SPECrate are trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Learn more at ROM-570
  2. Testing as of 3.20.2020 by AMD Performance Labs. Up to 10% higher SQL Server tpm-per-core/lower cost-per-tpm. Workload: HammerDB 3.3 (TPC-C profile - The workload is derived from the TPC-C Benchmark, and as such is not comparable to published TPC-C Benchmark results, as the HammerDB OLTP workload results do not comply with the TPC-C benchmark). Configurations: 2x EPYC 7F32 (16C total, $4200) scoring 2,692,958 tpm (168,310 tpm per core at $0.00156 per tpm). 2x Xeon Gold 6244 (16C total, $5850) scoring 2,446,340 tpm (152,896 tpm per core at $0.00239 per tpm). Results may vary. ROM-572

I introduced the 2nd Generation of AMD EPYC and its world record capabilities for the data center ecosystem when we launched the 2nd Gen in this blog. Now, continuing the legacy of choice without restriction, the next set of AMD EPYC 7002 Series Processors brings the world’s highest per-core performance x86 server CPU*. With a balanced architecture, the 2nd Gen AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors increase the boost and max frequencies by 500MHz. That, combined with the industry's most robust L3 cache per core ratio, enables applications to optimize each SoC's core capabilities. Make the most of your software investment - especially if paying on a per-core or per-job basis.  


Designed to redefine the modern data center, the new processors bring leadership per-core performance for enterprise workloads in hyperconverged infrastructure, commercial HPC, and relational databases. The 2nd Gen AMD EPYC Processors deliver World Record performance on many industry-standard benchmarks and bring performance leadership into the following areas:

  • Hyperconverged Infrastructure: Supported by industry-leading platforms such as Nutanix and VMWare vSAN, the new AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors enable groundbreaking performance for HCI. Nutanix announced that Nutanix HCI software would support select AMD EPYC based HPE ProLiant servers by May, and the upcoming availability of AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors on DX platforms in Q3. The popular infrastructure benchmark, VMMark 3.1 running on vSAN, scored 13.27 at 14 tiles (collection of VMs) using the new 2nd Gen AMD EPYC 7F72 Processor – a world record performance for 4-node, 8-socket clusters that are 47% higher than the next closest competition using 25% fewer cores. Here is a link to the results. 
  • Relational Database Management Systems: Process mission-critical workloads for modern enterprises. High-performance CPUs, massive memory footprint, and industry-leading I/O enable high performance for transactional (OLTP) and Decision Support System (DSS) performance. Our internal tests show Relational Database Management Systems like Oracle Database 19c and Microsoft SQL Server 2019 perform significantly better than other comparable industry CPUs. AMD EPYC and its ecosystem partners offer jointly engineered solutions for big data workloads. With a large cache per core, ample memory capacity and bandwidth, and massive I/O combine in the right ratios of the EPYC 7002 series processors help enable breakthrough performance. For example, the EPYC 7Fx2 processor sets a new overall world record on an industry-standard Internet-of-Things benchmark.
  • High Performance Computing: Many high-performance computing (HPC) workloads require a balance between performance and per-core license costs to manage overall costs. AMD EPYC processors offer a consistent set of features across the product line, allowing you to optimize the number of cores required for the workload without sacrificing features like memory channels, memory capacity, or I/O lanes. Regardless of the number of physical cores per socket, you will have support for eight channels of up to DDR4-3200 MHz memory per processor across all processors. This exceptional memory bandwidth paired with large cache per core helps you get the most out of your system by optimizing execution time and overall utilization of your deployment. In AMD Performance Labs, we tested Ansys CFX 2019 R1 and across five test cases, we saw an average per-core performance gain of 94% on the 16-core EPYC 7F52 compared to 16-core Intel XeonGold 6242. Other testing completed includes LSTC LS-Dyna AnsysFluent, Dassault Systèmes Abaqus, Altair Radioss OpenFoam, and WRF as a few examples of HPC applications that can benefit from the new EPYC 7Fx2 processors.


With the AMD EPYC 7Fx2 processors, AMD EPYC CPUs continue to be the new standard for business applications in enterprise data centers and maintain an exceptional focus on real-world outcomes and balanced architecture. At AMD, we are committed to continuing our journey of innovative leadership. A journey focused on bringing the leadership performance and total cost of ownership across key application areas in your data center.


We are grateful to our partners who have collaborated with our engineers for a wide range of data center use cases by engineering solutions that help deliver high performance and efficiency at a lower total cost of ownership:

Altair, Ansys, Asrock, Asus, Atos, AWS, Baidu AI Cloud, Beamr, Broadcom, Cadence, Canonical, Ceph, Cisco, Citrix, Cloudera, Cloudflare, Couchbase, Cray, Datastax, Dassault Systèmes, DellEMC, Docker, Dropbox, Elastic, Ericsson, ESI, Excelero, Foxconn, Gigabyte, Google, H3C, Hadoop, Hetzner, Hortonworks, HPE, IBM Cloud, Inventec, Java, Lenovo, LSTC, MapR, MarkLogic, Mavenir, Mellanox, MemSQL, Mentor, Micron, Microsoft, Microfocus | Vertica, MongoDB, Netscout, Nokia, Nutanix, NVIDIA, Oracle, OVH, Packet, PGS, PostgreSQL, QCT, Quobyte, Redislabs, Rehat, Samsung, SAP, SAS, ScaleMP, Seagate, Siemens, Simplivity, SKhynix, Splunk, SQL Server, Stormagic, Supermicro, SUSE, Synopsys, Tencent Cloud, Transwarp, Tyan, VMware,, Western Digital, Wistron, Wiwynn, Xilinx.


Raghu Nambiar is a CVP of Datacenter Ecosystems & Application Engineering for AMD. His postings are his own opinions and may not represent AMD’s positions, strategies or opinions. Links to third party sites or use of third party names/marks are provided for convenience and unless explicitly stated, AMD is not responsible for the contents of such linked sites and no endorsement is implied.



*EPYC 7F32

  1. 2nd Gen AMD EPYC processors used on motherboards designed for the 1st Gen AMD EPYC processor require a BIOS update from your server manufacturer.  The EPYC 7742, 7642 and 7542 are 225w parts and require additional updates, contact your server manufacturer for support. For PCIe4 and DDR4-3200 memory support, please contact your server manufacturer. A motherboard designed for 2nd Gen EPYC processors is required to enable all available functionality. ROM-06a
  2. EPYC002 series has 8-memory channels, supporting 3200 MHz DIMMs yielding 204.8 GB/s of bandwidth vs. the same class of Intel Scalable Gen 2 processors with only 6-memory channels and supporting 2933 MHz DIMMs yielding 140.8 GB/s of bandwidth. 204.8 / 140.8 = 1.454545 - 1.0 = .45 or 45% more. AMD EPYC has 45% more bandwidth. Class based on industry-standard pin-based (LGA) X86 processors. ROM-11
  3. For a complete list of world records, see ROM-169
  4. Each 2nd Gen AMD EPYC processors support up to 4TB of DRAM. Intel Scalable Platinum 8200 and lower series processors can support up to 2TB of DRAM per, July 9, 2019. Class based on industry-standard pin-based (LGA) X86 processors. ROM-265
  5. Based on AMD internal testing of ANSYS CFX2019 R1 running Release 14.0 test cases as of 3/24/2020 on a 2x EPYC 7F52 (16C) powered reference server versus a 2x Intel Xeon Gold 6242 (16C) powered server. Results may vary. ROM-590
  6. AMD EPYC 7F32 with 8-cores and 128MB of L3 cache has ~3.6x more L3 cache per core than the next highest competitive same core-count CPU from Intel, the IntelXeon Gold 6250 processor with 8-cores and 35.75MB of L3 cache. 128 / 35.75 = 3.5804 or ~3.6x the L3 cache or ~2.6x more L3 cache per core. ROM-604
  7. 47% higher score amd 56% more tiles (VMs) based on VMmark 3.1 vSANcomparing 2x EPYC 7F72 scoring 13.27 @ 14 tiles (266 VMs), compared to the next highest competitive result on 2x Intel Xeon Platinum 8276L scoring 9.00 @ 9 tiles (171 VMs), 47% higher score = 13.27/9 = 1.474x the score and 56% more tiles (VMs) = 14/9=1.555x the tiles (VMs) as of 4/14/20. VMmark is a product of VMware, Inc. ROM-639
  8. Best published TPCExpress Benchmark IoT Overall world record result as of 04/01/20. Configuration: 2nd Gen EPYC 7F72 powered server with 4-nodes, 1-socket scoring 2480917.6 IoTps ($0.18 USD/IoTps, avail 4/14/20, The next highest published score is on a 2nd Gen EPYC 7502P powered server with 4-nodes, 1-socket scoring 2199052.90 IoTps ($0.20 USD/IoTps, avail 3/30/20, TPC, TPC Benchmark and TPC-C are trademarks of the Transaction Processing Performance Council. ROM-626